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        掌握英語口語發音的幾個簡單技巧  

        發布時間: 2018-06-11 16:06   來源:
        關鍵詞: 掌握英語口語發音的幾個簡單技巧  

          之前做口語方面的文章不少,多是偏表達方式的,如何表達更地道,同樣的意思怎么說更委婉。今天這篇鍛煉口語的小技巧是從發音角度講,很基礎,明白易懂好上手。

         

          Hacking Your Language Study

         

          巧學英語

         

          My favourite tricks focus on the aspects of English that are very easy to master, and I develop ways around the parts of English that are “hard” to understand. Usually, it's not the language itself that's “hard”, but your method for studying might be causing the language to seem more challenging. If you look at those challenges in a new light then they can become much easier!

         

          英語學習的訣竅中,我最喜歡的最容易掌握,最“難”理解的部分我會重點擊破。一般來說,語言本身并不“難”,“難”的是學習的方法不對,會讓一切努力事倍功半。如果你換一個角度看這些難點,它們就會變得簡單多了。

         

          Simple Rules for Pronouncing ~ed

         

          ~ed的發音規則

         

          One of my favourite pronunciation hacks for English learners is how to properly pronounce ~ed.

         

          這是我最愛的英語發音絕招之一,即正確發出~ed這個音。

         

          In my experience this is one of the most obvious parts of a foreign accent. Luckily, it's also one of the easiest to fix. Learning the right way to say ~ed can have a huge impact on your accent. But best of all it is very easy to learn.

         

          以我的經驗來看,這個部分的發音錯誤最明顯,不過這個部分也是最容易糾正的。如何正確發出~ed對你的英語口語有重大影響。最最重要的還是它糾正起來最最簡單。

         

          There are only three possible ways to pronounce this, and (unlike much of the English language) the rules are consistent:

         

          ~ed只有三種發音,它可不像其他英語發音千變萬化,它的發音規則是有跡可循的:

         

          Rule1: After a d or t, pronounce it as [ɪd].

         

          規則1:跟在d或者t后面,請發[ɪd].

         

          In English, it's not possible to say a t and d sound immediately after each other, so we add in the vowel sound. Do this in words like wanted, painted, ended, admitted, suggested, started, etc.

         

          英語中 t 和 d 連在一起不可能直接發這兩個音,所以兩者之間需要加一個元音。將這個規則用在如下單詞:wanted, painted, ended, admitted, suggested, started等。

         

          Rule2: After the sounds p, f, s, ch, sh and k, pronounce it as [t].

         

          規則2:如果~ed跟在p,f,s,ch,sh和k之后,請將其發成[t]。

         

          These sounds cannot be followed by a d in English, so the sound changes to a [t]. Do this in words like stopped, laughed (f sound), finished, and walked.

         

          以上一連串的字母不可以直接接d,所以需要變音為[t]。請發音如下單詞: stopped, laughed (尾部是f的發音 ), finished, 以及 walked。

         

          Rule3: In all other cases, pronounce it as [d].

         

          規則3:其他的情況下,ed發音為[d]

         

          Take care not to pronounce the e sound in ~ed here: just pronounce the [d]. Try it in the words imagined, cleaned, enjoyed, cried, and allowed.

         

          請注意,不要將~ed中的e真正發出來,發[d]就好。請嘗試朗讀如下單詞:imagined, cleaned, enjoyed, cried, and allowed

         

          The Position of Your Mouth

         

          注意口型

         

          Another way to remember this is to think of the position of your mouth in the part of the word before the ~ed.

         

          還有一種方法,記住發~ed音的時候你的口型是怎樣的。

         

          For the first rule, notice that d and t are both sounds created by putting your tongue on the roof of your mouth. Because they're in nearly the same spot, it's hard to move between them without adding in a vowel! Try it out.

         

          對規則1來說,要發出d和t兩個音,都需要將舌頭頂住上腭,發音位置近乎一致。所以要連續發這兩個音是很困難的,必須要在中間加一個元音!現在再發音試試看吧。

         

          For the second rule, all but one of the sounds (k) is made by putting your lips or teeth together.

         

          對于規則2,所有的音(除了k)都需要嘴唇或者牙齒閉合。

         

          For the third rule, most of the sounds have either a hummed sound (like n or m) or an open, vowel position (like a or o) prior to the ~ed.

         

          規則3,跟在~ed之前,大部分的音都跟“哼”的聲音很像(像n或者m的發音),或者是一個開元音的發音位置(如a或者o的發音)。

         

          Just remember that certain mouth positions lend themselves to being compensated for with different ways of saying ~ed, and you're good to go!

         

          只要記住一些口型是為了迎合~ed發音而變化的,發準音絕沒問題!

         

          And if that is still too confusing?

         

          如果你還是覺得沒弄明白的話怎么辦?

         

          Then just remember this one rule: for the majority of cases, when you see ~ed, you should pronounce it like [d] (rather than [ɪd], which is only relevant after d or t). If you use this pronunciation by default when you're not sure, you're most likely to get it right.

         

          只要記住這一條法則就行:大部分情況下,你看到~ed就發音為[d](而不是[ɪd],因為只有d和t同時出現的時候才需要)。如果在你不確定的時候那就這么發音吧,發音正確的概率還是很高的。

         

          Making English Easy

         

          讓英語變得小菜一碟

         

          Even if you only follow this one, easy rule, it will help you with your English pronunciation, and soon enough the looks of confusion on the faces of your English-speaking friends will turn to smiles and nods of understanding.

         

          單單這一個絕招,就能幫你提升英語發音。很快你的外國朋友會舒展臉上疑惑的眉頭,一展理解的笑容,頻頻點頭。

         

          This applies to all languages you may be learning, not just English. If you're also learning Spanish, French, German, Italian, or Chinese along with English, you'll find more hacks you can use right away in the FI3M language guides.

         

          不僅是英語,對于學習所有的外語這都適用。一旦你學了這幾招,語言學習就會飛速進步,你就會明白為什么英語學習so easy啦!

         

          下面,奉上20個老外表達時的高頻句子,熟練運用會讓你的口語更地道哈!

         

          ◥ After you.

         

          你先請。

         

          ◢ Don’t take it to heart.

         

          別往心里去,別因此而費神。

         

          ◥ We’d better be off.

         

          我們該走了。

         

          ◤ Let’s face it.

         

          面對現實吧。(當你不愿意躲避困難時,就用它吧)

         

          ◢ Let’s get started.

         

          咱們開始干吧。

         

          ◥ I’m really dead.

         

          我真的要累死了。(有的時候當你的課業負擔太重的時候,不妨對你的英語老師說吧)

         

          ◣ I’ve done my best.

         

          我已經盡力了。

         

          ◥ Is that so?

         

          真是那樣的嗎?

         

          ◤ Don’t play games with me.

         

          別跟我耍花招。(某人說,這句話的意思難道不是“不要跟我一起玩游戲”嗎?汗死!)

         

          ◢ I don’t know for sure.

         

          我不確切知道。(這比說“I don’t know的效果好很多呢)

         

          ◥ I’m not going to kid you。

         

          我不是跟你開玩笑的。

         

          ◣ That’s something.

         

          太好了,太棒了。(有沒有覺得That’s good很土呢?)

         

          ◥ Do you really mean it?

         

          此話當真?

         

          ◤ You are a great help.

         

          你幫了大忙了。

         

          ◢ I couldn’t be more sure.

         

          我再肯定不過了。(如果你很強烈的想要人家相信你,就用這個句子吧)

         

          ◣ I am behind you。

         

          我支持你。

         

          ◥ I’m broke.

         

          我身無分文。(難道是因為口袋破了,就一毛錢都沒有了嗎?)

         

          ◤ Mind you.

         

          請注意!聽著!

         

          ◢ That depends.

         

          看情況再說。

         

          ◤ It’s a deal.

         

          一言為定。



          


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